- Bathe at a time that is calmer for the individual as the bathroom usually produces fear and confusion.
- Always repeat the same routine.
- Say out loud what you are going to do, step by step.
- Maintain an adequate bath temperature.
- Use non-slip mats and grab bars to avoid accidents.
- Never leave them alone in the bathroom.
- Make sure there is silence so that you can eat calmly.
- Offer appetising foods with flavours you know, of different textures and colours.
- Serve several small meals throughout the day, with food you can eat with your hands.
- Watch that they do not choke. As the disease progresses, the person has more difficulty chewing or swallowing and is more at risk of choking.
- Use utensils that they can use on their own: cutlery with large or extended handles, deep and large plates, cups with lids or straws.
- Give them a choice of limited food options.
- Try to always dress at the same time, with time and without haste.
- Give a choice between two garments, no more.
- Encourage them to dress themself as much as possible. Place clothes in the order they should be worn.
- Clothes should be comfortable, easy to put on and take off. For example, with elastics at the waist and Velcro closures.
- Physical activity boosts mood and reduces apathy.
- Do simple activities or break down the activity into small steps.
- Praise the person when they have completed the activity.
- If they are agitated or frustrated, distract them with something different.
- Choose a good place and a good time of day to exercise.
- It allows the person to be as autonomous as possible.
- Have them participate in daily activities: preparing food, setting the table, or putting away dishes.
Home safety standards
- Remove bathroom locks to prevent it from unintentionally locking up.
- Store cleaning products in a safe place that the person does not have access to.
- Label medications and store them in a safe place.
- Keep the house tidy. Remove carpets and objects that you may bump or slip with.
- Consider installing safety devices, such as smoke or gas detectors.
- Make sure there is good lighting throughout the house.